(club smacks) – Hi, Adam Bazalgette here,
founder of Scratch Golf Academy. Today’s subject, the right
knee flex in the golf swing. We’ll look at how that
movement should take place. (upbeat electronic music) So right knee flex in the golf swing, specifically the backswing and
the start of the downswing. I’ll show you what my
thoughts are on that. I’ll also show you how
you can customize this, I think, to best suit yourself,
how you can practice it. We’ll look at that drill
at the end of the video. If you like this video, please subscribe to the YouTube channel. We’ve got a lot of free content. Of course,
is my home website and I have full courses in
every aspect of the game there. Okay, so what’s your opinion? Should the right knee stay
flexed, should it straighten? How much should it straighten? Well, we’re gonna look at a
few pros just briefly here. I’ll show you what I think is sort of the benchmark type of movement, and as you’ll see, different
players because of their bodies do it a little differently
one to the other, but I’ll show you what
the gold standard is. Then we’re gonna show you a little bit, as the video goes along, of
how the right knee might look or a check point you
can have for yourself, especially if you film
yourself on your own phone, as it starts down, and
towards the end of the video, we’ll get into customizing
and a nice drill that’ll help you sort it out. Let’s check out the pros. Okay, so let’s have a look at Lee Westwood, great ball striker. We’ll put a little
plane line on his knees, and what you’ll notice, he has, I’d say, a medium amount of knee movement there. The thing you’d notice,
though, is the symmetry of it, and this is the key. However much the right knee goes back, at least approximately, is how much the left knee should poke out. That shows balance, that
shows symmetry in the turn. Let’s look at a couple more players. Now old-school Arnold Palmer,
a lot of these older players turn their bodies or
certainly turn their hips a lot more than they do now. Brandel Chamblee of the Golf Channel advocates that for many players. Probably a good idea, too. Look at that movement. Now that’s, again, by today’s standard, that is a lot of lower
body movement there, but if you look at the back
knee and the target knee, very, very symmetrical, that’s the key. Again, a sign of really good balance. Now perhaps a player that moved
his knees relatively little, this is a younger Fred
Couples at Augusta there. Let’s just put that line
just in front of his knees. Not much movement there. Very, very flexible guy, but again, we see this nice symmetrical look. So let’s just say this. It really isn’t the knees that are moving. What’s happening is the body’s pivoting. Now this right hip, as we’ll
talk about later in the video, is gonna go up and behind
you to some extent. Your thigh bone, obviously,
is connected to your knee, so as you pivot, that’s gonna draw that knee and that leg back. It isn’t really a per se
straightening of the knees. Now let me show you a couple of pros that give you a benchmark as
to what you might look for at the start of your downswing
in regards to the right knee. Then we’ll get to that drill. So sticking with Lee
Westwood for a moment, let’s watch him in the downswing, and what you’ll typically
see is that right knee will stay if not exactly,
certainly mostly behind that line through
impact, and some players, it’ll poke out a little bit after impact. There are a few players that do poke out before they hit the ball. That is certainly not the norm. Fred Couples, then we’ve
got a new player for you that does it a little
differently here in a moment. So let’s see Fred. There’s the symmetrical
look, again, behind the line, so that’s a great line if
you’re looking at your own phone of your own swing to see
how you’re doing that. How about Jordan Spieth? He gets a little bounce
in his knees as a trigger, so we’ll give him that before we start. Great look in the
backswing, very symmetrical. He’s a little unusual. He’ll poke out beyond that a fair bit, a little bit like Rory McIlroy does this, but as he gets ready to hit it, it’ll kind of snap back in there and kind of clears the space there. So generally speaking, the knees will stay behind that plane line through impact. Okay, so let’s look at how you can start to apply this to yourself. Best drill I know, at
least, as a starting point. You can do this at home. A mirror is great ’cause you can see the symmetry in the movement. Just put your hands on your hips and pivot your body a little
bit and see what you feel. Now three things you’ve gotta make sure you pay attention to when you do this. Number one, it’s the pivot
of the trunk that is causing your hands, or your hips,
if you like, to move. You’re not trying to move your hips. So the pivot causes that, the pivot here causes that movement. Number two, there is an
incline to the hip tilt. The belt is on an angle, so
if you’re pivoting properly, this hand is gonna feel
higher than that hand. And number three, and this
is where the feel comes in, you’ve gotta do what’s
athletically good for you, so in other words, some
strong, flexible young people may be able to make a really
good pivot, and for them, that will cause only a minimal
reaction in their hands. It’s more resisted down there. That’s a good fit for them. For most people, the
average recreational player that’s more than 35
years old, you may need more movement than that, so
they may feel, as they pivot, they need more freedom in the
hips and they need to let that spread a little bit more symmetrically. I’ll tell you, when I’ve
watched people do this drill, I’ve rarely, when the
club’s out of their hand and they do this the first
time, I’ve rarely not seen the knee flex or the knee
movement look symmetrical. Next, grab the club, and at this point, you’re just trying to match
up what you felt in your pivot but doing it with a club in your hand. Keep your mind quiet. If you put some thought
in your conscious head and try to manufacture something, it’s just not gonna work very well, so once you’ve felt it,
just take the golf club, try to feel that at the top. Just try to match it up
so that the club arrives and you feel like you’ve
finished your pivot, kind of synchronizing those up. It takes a few minutes away from the ball whether or not you’re at the golf course to kind of master this and feel it. Have the poise not to just jump
in front of a pile of balls and try some new swing thoughts
and start hammering them. Spend a few minutes in
front of the mirror. It’s pretty simple if you’ll do that. Well, I hope that was helpful for you concerning right knee
flex in the golf swing. Hope you have some
success practicing that. Please subscribe to the
channel if you like the video. We have a lot of content
that’s there for you.’s my home website. Have full, in-depth courses in every aspect of the
game there, thanks again.


  1. I'm almost a yr into my first yr of golf and have made much progress with consistent iron shots, but a lot of times I hit the ball straight at about 20-30 degree angle to the right of my target. I think that is because my right knee is outside that vertical plane line. My right leg looks much like Jordan's on the upswing, but unlike his follow thru, my knee stays outside the vertical line. Gonna work on this and i bet it helps me keep the ball on my target line.

  2. If the knee extends past the line to much would that be considered early extension which may be causing my problems with heeled shots?

  3. Interesting. Something else to check. Pretty simple. I'd like you to have a video on how to bounce the ball off the club face like you do in the beginning of the video. Thanks

  4. Many golfers because of lack of flexibility due to age or physical issues can not separate their hip turn from their upper body turn back or through the ball. What would you suggest as to swing techniques for these golfers….there are many golfers in this category. Thx. Tom

  5. Hey Adam. Love your golf coaching and see your sub's are starting to show the recognition you deserve – your approach to coaching is straight forward and concise. I have in the past name dropped your channel in a few comments I've left in other YouTube vlogs here in UK so I hope the success continues! 👏👍🤘

  6. You are my favorite golf instructor. I have become a better golfer since watching your videos. Your videos are easy and enjoyable to watch.

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